Bucharest Metropolitan Association
Gianina Panatau, Director
Metropolitan coordination in the development and implementation of infrastructure road system to increase accessibility and cohesive territorial development
2.Increased Commute Times;
6.Need for Investments in Infrastructure Upgrades.
The main challenge for the region remains the need for investments in improving the infrastructure road system to increase accessibility and cohesive territorial development at the metropolitan level.
Planning and financing measures
Three planning and financing measures have been adopted and implemented to address and tackle these challenges:
Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan for Bucharest metropolitan area
The local authorities understood the need for development and planning of transport at the metropolitan level, and in 2016 created the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (PMUD) which has fostered the reorganization of Bucharest Public Transport Company and transformed into STB (Bucharest Transport Company) in 2017. By integrating various transport services under a unified entity, local authorities aimed to address the fragmentation and inefficiencies of the previous system.
In 2019, work on the A0 highway started, a ring road with a length of approximately 100 km, which will surround Bucharest and is also part of the Transcarpathia Corridor, ensuring the connection between the Black Sea and the western borders of the country. In addition to the connectivity elements, the project is also supposed to expand the metropolitan area from an economic point of view, through the development of the real estate market in the peri-urban area, and the industrial parks and logistics centers in the proximity of A0.
The benefits of the A0 project on the metropolitan area are complemented by the development of the Bucharest Orbital Project, which involves the construction of radial roads that connect the Bucharest Ring Road with the existing beltway (DNCB) and the urban space of the Municipality of Bucharest. The Bucharest Metropolitan Area is in charge of the project’s implementation. Started in 2022, it will be finalized by 2028 with an estimated value of approximately 700 million Euro, being financed through the National Transport Program, respectively from the Cohesion Fund of the European Union.
This is a context where things will profoundly change in the next years. The Orbital Project seems in fact a unique opportunity to introduce a different approach to territorial development and look at the new axis as a way to frame a green belt while working to achieve a balanced quality of life throughout the overall metropolitan dimension. Moreover, this is a very good example where the responsibility for the coordination is at the metropolitan scale, implying decision on allocation of services, housing developments combined with agriculture production and conservation of ecosystem services.
Metropolitan Partnerships in action across Urban and Rural to read about more cases of metropolitan partnerships from across Europe.